NEWS TODAY 最近更新日期:
2022/11/15
蒙特梭利問答集

Q:我在蒙特梭利教室裡面觀察到孩子們會上課,被指導用特定的方式進行工作。我的孩子有機會發展創意、運用想像力嗎?

A:蒙特梭利理念會回應孩子的所有需求——學術、社交、情緒、肢體。

環境中的成人或孩子幫孩子上課時,目的在於向孩子示範如何進行工作,或是透過介紹工作,讓孩子有足夠的資訊來自行探索這項工作的目的。在蒙特梭利的環境中,孩子會上很簡短的課,接著就可以獨立進行工作。孩子可以自行摸索。孩子會透過自我探索領悟「樂於學習」。

孩子上過課之後,就有自行選擇工作的自由(若情況適宜,也可以和朋友一起選擇工作)。孩子上過課之後,除非是以下狀況,否則指導者就不應干擾孩子的工作:

- 孩子在破壞工作

- 孩子干擾到其他孩子的工作

你經常可以在蒙特梭利的環境中,觀察到孩子用超乎尋常的方式操作工作。比如說,我們曾經觀察到一位叫做瑞秋的三歲蒙特梭利孩子,拿著兩個四色圓柱體,假裝它們在對話。這個行為非常有創意,而且沒有人教過她這種操作工作的方式。指導者沒有制止她,因為她既沒有破壞工作,也沒有打擾到其他孩子。

除此之外,孩子們也可以被鼓勵自主探索。大多數蒙特梭利學校都會強調,用說故事幫助孩子認識歷史人物和事件。因此,成人可能會裝扮成瑪麗亞‧蒙特梭利博士,到教室說蒙特梭利博士的故事。孩子能透過故事真實地認識這位人物,以及他們的生命故事。

蒙特梭利理念會回應孩子的所有需求——學術、社交、情緒、肢體。

—— 翻譯自「Parent Education Newsletter,第三卷,第二期,第四頁」

 

Q:I observed in a Montessori Classroom and the children were given lessons and then directed to use the materials in specific ways. Does this allow my child to grow creatively and use his imagination ?

A : The Montessori Method is designed to meet all the needs of a child - academic, social, emotional, physical.

In terms of lessons the children are given, either by an adult in the environment or by other children in the environment, the intention of a lesson is to show the child how to use the material or to show them enough of the material that they can discover the purpose of the material on their own. Often in a Montessori environment, the children are given a brief lesson and then allowed to work on the material independently. The child is then left to make discoveries on his or her own. It is by making their own personal discoveries that children learn to “love-to-learn.”

Once a child has a lesson they are free to choose the work independently (or with a friend when appropriate). The general guidelines for what a child does with the work once they have the lesson is for the teacher not to interfere with the work of the child unless:

The child is damaging the work

The child is disruptive to the work of the other children

Many times in a Montessori environment you can observe children interacting with material in a less than pure sense. For example, Raquel, a 3 year old Montessori child, was once observed holding two knobless cylinders and having a conversation between the two. It was quite creative and it was something she was doing with the work although not part of the presentation she was shown. She was not stopped by the Directress since it was not damaging to the material nor disruptive to other classmates.

Additionally, children are allowed and encouraged to explore things on their own. Most Montessori schools have an emphasis on storytelling as a means of helping the children learn about historical figures and events. So, an adult may dress up as Dr.Maria Montessori and visit the class and tell Dr.Montessori’s story.

Through storytelling the children acquire a real sense of the person and some of their life events.

The Montessori Method is designed to meet all the needs of a child - academic, social, emotional, physical.

—— “ Parent Education Newsletter : Volume 3, Issue 2, Page 4 “

 

#mslamshool #montessori #蒙特梭利問答集

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