NEWS TODAY 最近更新日期:
2022/11/22
蒙特梭利問答集

Q:蒙特梭利好像不容許社交發展,或是彼此互動。我該為此擔心嗎?我需要為孩子尋覓其他的社交場合嗎?

A:蒙特梭利的教育理念會提供孩子許多認知與社交的機會。通常是孩子自行決定要和其他孩子有多少互動,這會依孩子的年齡而有所不同。如同其他所有的學習領域,蒙特梭利環境中經過訓練的指導者會觀察每一位孩子,評估他們的強項及可以加強的部分。

讓我們用稍微不一樣的角度來看你的問題。在你的職場上,你被要求獨力完成某些事情。你也可能需要完成團隊專案。你可以把大多數的工作時間用在社交上嗎?

蒙特梭利環境與此神似。每位孩子都會進行自己的工作。孩子當然可以邀請另一位孩子一起工作。很多時候,指導者一次會替多位孩子示範工作,且通常會請孩子與夥伴一起模仿。蒙特梭利環境中的孩子會被容許把大部分時間用在社交或觀察他人上嗎?通常不會。

蒙特梭利的教育理念會強烈鼓勵孩子學習如何彼此相處,以及如何社會化。這是蒙特梭利博士的目標之一:提供孩子全人教育,幫助未來的世代和平共事與共存。

蒙特梭利環境很強調的一個部份是禮儀教育。在教室中,你經常可以聽到孩子(年幼的孩子)用尊重、文明的方式對談。這是蒙特梭利理念鼓勵社交互動與發展的眾多方法之一。

假如你有機會觀察蒙特梭利的教室,你會發現孩子時而獨立工作,時而跟朋友或老師一起工作。通常孩子在遊戲中的關係很平和、不具敵意(Angeline Stoll Lillard博士近期在《科學》期刊中報導此事(2006年九月)。

希望你的親身觀察及前述的資訊能讓你確信,自己的孩子可以在蒙特梭利的環境中有社交上的成長及發展。

—— 翻譯自「Parent Education Newsletter,第三卷,第二期,第三頁」

Q: Montessori doesn’t;t seem to allow for social development and interaction with each other. Is this something I should be concerned about? Should I seek out other social situations for my child ?

A: The Montessori Method of education does offer children many opportunities, including cognitive as well as social. Depending the age of the child, it is typically up to the child to determine how much or how little they want to interact with other children. As is true in all areas of the Montessori environment, a knowledgeable Directress observes each child to determine their strengths and areas of improvement.

Let’s think about your question in a slightly different light. In your work place, you are expected to get some things done independently. You may be asked to do team projects. Would it be acceptable if you spent all or most of your time at work socializing?

A Montessori environment is remarkably similar. Each child works on his or her own material. One child could certainly invite another child to. Work with them. Many times the lesson is presented to more than one child and is ideally repeated with a partner. Are children in Montessori environments allowed to spend all of their socializing or visiting? Not typically.

The Montessori Method of Education encourages, to a high degree, children to learn to get along with each other and to learn how to function in society. This was one of

Dr. Montessori’s goals: to educate the whole child so as to help future generations work and live in peace.

A strong component of the Montessori environment is the grace and courtesy lessons. In a classroom, one can frequently hear the children (young children) speak to each other in a very respectful, civilized way. This is one of many ways that the Montessori method encourages social interaction and development.

If you have the opportunity to observe in a Montessori classroom you should find that the children flow back and forth from working independently to working with a friend or a teacher. Typically, the children relate to each other in a very normal, non-aggressive way on the playground (as recently reported by Dr. Angeline Stoll Lillard in Science magazine (September 2006).

Hopefully your own personal observations and the preceding information will reassure you as to your child’s ability to grow and develop socially in a Montessori environment.

—— “ Parent Education Newsletter : Volume 3, Issue 2, Page3 “

#mslamshool #montessori #蒙特梭利問答集

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